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Vineyard Best Practices
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Minnesota Grape Growers Association Vineyard Best Practices Outline


Mission:

To provide to growers of cold hardy grapes information, techniques and best viticulture practices and methods of growing highest quality, cold hardy grapes for maximum economic gain and personal satisfaction.


Goals:

1.       Develop a model of consistent production of cold hardy grapes.

2.       Develop a series of methods for producing the highest quality cold hardy grapes.

3.       Create a model for economic success for cold climate grape growing.

 

Steps:

Goal 1:  Develop a model of consistent production of cold hardy grapes

a. Time and financial commitment. 

b. Varietal selection for consistent and reliable fruiting as well as marketability.

c. Site selection: Macro/meso/micro climates, soil profiles and related growth habits, site evaluation and slope.

d. Nutrient requirements.

e. Pest management; fungi, insects and weeds.

f. Vineyard layout and orientation.

g. Trellis design (VSP/High Wire/GDC) for vine vigor and varietal growth habits.

h. Setting up for mechanization.

 

Goal 2:  Develop a series of methods for producing the highest quality cold hardy grapes
   

a. Pruning (cane and spur) for proper fruit load and fruit exposure. 

b. Canopy management: Hedging/Leaf pulling/ Shoot positioning sun exposure and sucker pulling/removal

c. Monitoring vine health: soil and leaf analysis.

d. Monitoring crop balance for over and under cropping and remedies.

e. Pest management; Fungi, Insects, Weeds

 

Goal 3:  Create a model for economic success for cold climate grape growing

a. Developing professional relationships with a winery: contracts and communication. 

b. Proper equipment for the jobs at hand: mechanization vs. hand labor.  

c. Vineyard economic breakdown: Small (1-2acres), Medium (4-6acres), MN Large (10+ acres).

d. Grape pricing: Supply and demand, Pricing per ton vs. Bottle Price Breakdown (100X)

e. Continuing education.


   

Business and Human Resource Planning

Vineyard Establishment

Vineyard Management

Marketing

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